PUBMED

Genome analyses reveal the hybrid origin of the staple crop white Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundata).

Sugihara, Yu, Darkwa, Kwabena, Yaegashi, Hiroki, Natsume, Satoshi, Shimizu, Motoki, Abe, Akira, Hirabuchi, Akiko, Ito, Kazue, Oikawa, Kaori, Tamiru-Oli, Muluneh, Ohta, Atsushi, Matsumoto, Ryo, Agre, Paterne, De Koeyer, David, Pachakkil, Babil, Yamanaka, Shinsuke, Muranaka, Satoru, Takagi, Hiroko, White, Ben, Asiedu, Robert, Innan, Hideki, Asfaw, Asrat, Adebola, Patrick, Terauchi, Ryohei

Data Revisão: 01/02/2021
Data Publicação: 02/12/2020 - [DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2015830117]
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JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

White Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundata) is an important staple tuber crop in West Africa. However, its origin remains unclear. In this study, we resequenced 336 accessions of white Guinea yam and compared them with the sequences of wild Dioscorea species using an improved reference genome sequence of D. rotundata In contrast to a previous study suggesting that D. rotundata originated from a subgroup of Dioscorea praehensilis, our results suggest a hybrid origin of white Guinea yam from crosses between the wild rainforest species D. praehensilis and the savannah-adapted species Dioscorea abyssinica We identified a greater genomic contribution from D. abyssinica in the sex chromosome of Guinea yam and extensive introgression around the SWEETIE gene. Our findings point to a complex domestication scenario for Guinea yam and highlight the importance of wild species as gene donors for improving this crop through molecular breeding.