Convolutional neural network based attenuation correction forI-FP-CIT SPECT with focused striatum imaging.

Chen, Yuan, Goorden, Marlies C, Beekman, Freek J

Data Revisão: 24/09/2021
Data Publicação: 24/09/2021 - [DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/ac2470]
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology

SPECT imaging with 123 I-FP-CIT is used for diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson's disease. Attenuation correction (AC) can be useful for quantitative analysis of 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT. Ideally, AC would be performed based on attenuation maps (μ-maps) derived from perfectly registered CT scans. Suchμ-maps, however, are most times not available and possible errors in image registration can induce quantitative inaccuracies in AC corrected SPECT images. Earlier, we showed that a convolutional neural network (CNN) based approach allows to estimate SPECT-alignedμ-maps for full brain perfusion imaging using only emission data. Here we investigate the feasibility of similar CNN methods for axially focused 123 I-FP-CIT scans. We tested our approach on a high-resolution multi-pinhole prototype clinical SPECT system in a Monte Carlo simulation study. Three CNNs that estimateμ-maps in a voxel-wise, patch-wise and image-wise manner were investigated. As the added value of AC on clinical 123 I-FP-CIT scans is still debatable, the impact of AC was also reported to check in which cases CNN based AC could be beneficial. AC using the ground truthμ-maps (GT-AC) and CNN estimatedμ-maps (CNN-AC) were compared with the case when no AC was done (No-AC). Results show that the effect of using GT-AC versus CNN-AC or No-AC on striatal shape and symmetry is minimal. Specific binding ratios (SBRs) from localized regions show a deviation from GT-AC≤2.5% for all three CNN-ACs while No-AC systematically underestimates SBRs by 13.1%. A strong correlation (r≥0.99) was obtained between GT-AC based SBRs and SBRs from CNN-ACs and No-AC. Absolute quantification (in kBq ml -1 ) shows a deviation from GT-AC within 2.2% for all three CNN-ACs and of 71.7% for No-AC. To conclude, all three CNNs show comparable performance in accurateμ-map estimation and 123 I-FP-CIT quantification. CNN-estimatedμ-map can be a promising substitute for CT-basedμ-map.